Permafrost refers to the ground that stays perennially frozen. In other words, it is ground that will remain frozen throughout the year.
Typically, there is permafrost where the temperature remains below 0°C for several years.
Most of the world’s permafrost resides in Northern Canada and Northern Russia.
Permafrost takes up quite a large surface area. In fact, as much as 24% of exposed land in the Northern Hemisphere is permafrost.
Moreover, permafrost stores carbon not only in the form of methane but also as peat, which is decomposed vegetable matter.
In turn, this will increase temperatures further due to the greenhouse effect, and will thus cause more permafrost to melt.
Therefore, it is important for all of us to do our part to help stop climate change and build a more sustainable future for generations to come.« Back to Glossary Index